Please see infectious diseases page for this country for risks that apply to both adults and children and to which you should be alert.
- There is a high rate of tuberculosis in this country (40-499/100,000).
- Screen children for TB according to NICE guidelines [external link].
- TB is a notifiable disease.
- Please see TB page for further information.
- The rate of HIV in this country is >1%.
- Consider offering an HIV test to infants and children who have recently arrived in the UK (see UK national testing guidelines).
- Please see HIV page for further information.
- There is a high risk of malaria in this country due to P. falciparum, P. malariae and P. vivax.
- Malaria can be rapidly fatal. Any unwell patient with a history of arrival from or a visit to this country in the last year must be tested for malaria.
- Please see malaria page for further information.
Other health Concerns
Please see nutritional/metabolic concerns page for this country for risks that apply to both adults and children and to which you should be alert. Please see other health concerns for general information.
- The estimated prevalence of anaemia in pre-school children in this country is 20-40%.
- Be alert to this possibility in recently arrived migrants and test as clinically indicated.
- Please see anaemia page for further information.
General paediatric information
For access to data on paediatric indicators for this country please see the WHO Global Health Observatory.