HIV data for pregnant women
- In 2011, one in 452 women giving birth in England was HIV-infected. This was an increase from 2002 when around one in every 648 women giving birth were HIV-infected. However, over the last five years prevalence has been stable (between 0.21% to 0.23%).
- Whilst London remains the area with the highest prevalence of HIV among pregnant women, the proportion has continued to decline with a decrease of 17% over the previous five years from 0.42% in 2007 to 0.35% in 2011. In contrast, HIV prevalence in pregnant women living outside London has increased by 10% between 2007 and 2011.
- Although an increase in HIV prevalence in UK-born women giving birth has been observed over the last ten years, prevalence in the last 5 years has remained stable; between 0.04% and 0.05%.
- Among sub-Saharan African born pregnant women, those living outside London have a significantly higher HIV prevalence (3.2%) compared to those living inside London (1.8%). Over the past ten years, prevalence in this group has remained relatively high but stable ranging from 2.3% to 2.9%.