The results of the mandatory MRSA bacteraemia enhanced surveillance scheme:
The results of the mandatory MSSA bacteraemia enhanced surveillance:
Public Health England- PHE ( formerly the Health Protection Agency) has been managing, on behalf of the Department of Health, the mandatory surveillance of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in England since April 2001.
The following aggregated data ("quarterly lab returns") are also collected as part of this surveillance scheme:
Positive blood cultures from the same patient within 14 days of the initial culture are considered to be part of the original episode and should not be reported. Duplicate reports, more than 14 days apart should be reported as these are considered to be a separate episode.
The surveillance of Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia has been mandatory for all NHS acute trusts in England since April, 2004. In October 2005 this surveillance was enhanced to collect patient-level data. This scheme has been developed by PHE at the request of the Department of Health. In January 2011 this scheme was extended to include surveillance of MSSA bacteraemia.
By comparison to the quarterly laboratory returns, enhanced surveillance involves collecting patient details for each MRSA bacteraemia episode such as NHS number, hospital number, date of birth, and sex, as well as information concerning the patient's location, date of admission, consultant specialty, and care details at the time the blood sample was taken. Trusts have access to a web-based surveillance system, where these details on each MRSA bacteraemia episode can be entered.
PHE produces tables of counts of MRSA bacteraemia and MSSA bacteraemia on a monthly and annual basis. The first annual MSSA bacteraemia data was published July 2012. Every quarter the data collected in the enhanced surveillance is used to produce epidemiological commentaries with the aim of contributing to a better evidence base regarding risk factors for infection.
PHE is committed to continuing to produce data on Official Statistics, for other data outputs please see our HCAI Reporting within Independent Sector Healthcare organisations and Mandatory Surveillance weekly reports.
The future dates for publication of mandatory surveillance data are available via the publication schedule pages.
NHS Acute Trusts can obtain further information about the scheme by emailing email@example.com.
From 1 April 2013 onwards, all organisations reporting positive MRSA bacteraemia will be required to complete a Post Infection Review (PIR) . Further information and guidance on the PIR process [external link] can be found on the NHS Commissioning Board website.
As of the 31 March 2011 the formal non-trajectory appeals process came to an end. A document entitled Examples of Frequent Non-Trajectory appeals has been put together to assist local commissioners when assessing appeals for MRSA bacteraemia cases.
Information regarding the HCAI stakeholder meeting held in November 2009 is available on the HCAI Mandatory Surveillance Stakeholder Meeting page.